Indonesian Word Lists

COMMON INDONESIAN WORDS

 

BAHASA INDONESIA PRONUNCIATION GUIDE

 

LETTER

A

B

C (tj*)

D

E

F

G

H

I

J (dj*)

K

L

M

N

NG

NY (nj*)

O

P

R

S

T

U (oe*)

W

Y (J*)

INDONESIAN

ambil, Anda, makan

bayar, ambil, lembab

cari, becak

dari, duduk

empat, sedang

fajar

golok, lagi

hangat, tanah

itu, mari, siapa,

jual, hujan

kecil, ikut, mogok

lalu, Lembang

malam, timur

nasi, manis, sabun

singgah, uang

nyanyi,

oli, kopi, benio

paling, krupuk

rendah, piring, kabar

sayur, kosong

tentu, barat

urusan, puncak,tentu

wortel, tawar

yang

ENGLISH

far, Bali

boy, club

child, match

doll, fad

elephant,

fall, life

girl, good, leg

Hannah

it, pin

joy, jewel

kill, sticky

lovely, fall

mad, him

now, any, son

singing, wing

can you

olive, follow

pill, help

purring ‘rolled’

sister, song

triplet, pat

blue, ruin

wave, tower

yellow, yes

NOTE: Indonesian pronunciation is very regular. The way each letter is pronounced does NOT vary with different words.

* denotes old spelling which is still used in names.

https://balijavapocketguide.com/useful-indonesian-grammar/

https://balijavapocketguide.com/helpful-indonesian-phrases/

Word Lists are:

Numbers, Personal Pronouns, Time-markers, Noun classifiers, Food and Drink, Clothing, Colours, Parts of the Body, Occupations, Transportation,  Animals, Weather, Geography, Art and Culture, In the Home, At the Tailor’s, At the Workshop, On the Beach.

 

 

0

1

 

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

20

25

30

37

41

89

100

200

364

1072

9518

 

56497

 

1000000

1/6

1/2

1/4

3/8

 

x

÷

+

=

total

NUMBERS

nol

satu, se- before other

numbers or objects

dua

tiga

(e)mpat

lima

(e)nam

tujuh

delapan

sembilan

se-puluh

sebelas

duabelas

tigabelas

dua-puluh

dua-puluh-lima

tiga-puluh

tiga-puluh-tujuh

(e)mpat-puluh-satu

delapan-puluh-sembilan

se-ratus

dua-ratus

tiga-ratus enam-puluh-empat

se-ribu tujuh-puluh-dua

sembilan-ribu lima-ratus

delapan-belas

lima-puluh enam-ribu empat-

ratus sembilan-puluh-tujuh

se-juta

se per enam

se tengah (centre)

se per empat

tiga per delapan

(per = over)

kali

bagi

kurang

tambah

jadi/ sama dengan

jumlah

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

 

YOU :

anda, saudara

kamu

kalian

engkau

bapak

ibu

saudara

tante

om

kowe

sampeyan

lu

oo

bibi, babu

 

mas

first name

you

 

dik

kak

nyonya

nona

 

I :

saya

aku

gua/gue

abdi

kulo

dalem

kita

OTHER:

kita

 

kami

 

 

beliau

dia, nya

 

mereka

normal Bahasa Indonesia

(Bl) (singular)

personal BI (singular)

normal BI (plural)

normal BI (singular)

father

mother

brother

aunt (Dutch)

uncle (Dutch)

common Javanese (ngoko)

high Javanese (kromo)

Bahasa Jakarta (Hokkien)

Dutch

aunt, (common Javanese for

female servant)

brother (Javanese)

unmarried female

use of English to avoid

choice

mate (younger brother/sister)

mate (older brother/sister)

Mrs.

Miss

 

 

normal BI

common Javanese (ngoko

bahasa Jakarta (Hokkien)

bahasa Sunda (West Java)

high Javanese (Kromo)

high Javanese (Kromo inggil

us (as in English)

 

we/us (including person

being spoken to).

we/us (excluding person

being spoken to), i.e. speaker

and third person(s).

he/she, him/her (polite)

he/she, him/her (3rd person

singular)

they

TIME MARKERS

akan

 

sudah/telah

sedang

 

sambil

 

dulu

nanti

belum

pada waktu

lain kali

masa depan

tempo hari

jaman dulu

tadi

baru saja

masih

kapan?

kalau

 

ketika

sementara

segera

langsung

kemarin

besok

lusa

minggu yang lalu

akan datang

 

will, shall (indicates future

tense)

already (indicates past tense)

in the proces of .. (indicates

continuous tense)

two actions happening at the

same time

before, formerly

later (on)

not yet

at the time of ..

some other time

in the future

the other day

in the old days

a short while ago

just now

still

when?

if, when, habitual action,

conditional

when (in the past)

concurrent action

soon

right away, directly

yesterday

tomorrow

day after tomorrow

last week

coming

NOUN CLASSIFIERS 

batang

biji

buah

butir

ekor

helai

orang

potong

tusuk

tangkai

lembar

gelas

stick of (e.g. cigarette)

piece of (small objects)

piece of (large objects)

grain of (e.g. rice)

for animals

sheet of (e.g. paper)

for a person

slice of

stick of (e.g. sate)

stick/stalk of

sheet of

glass of (e.g. coffee)

FOOD

nasi

beras

padi

daging

sapi

ayam

ikan

cumi-cumi

kepiting

sayur-sayuran

kentang

wortel

kol

kol kembang

kacang

kacang tanah

kacang merah

kacang polong

kacang panjang

(kacang ) buncis

jambu monyet

kacang hijau

ketimun

kambing

udang

telur

kodok

mie

babi

bawang Bombay

bawang merah

bawang putih

jahe

cabe, lombok

bebek

buah-buahan

mangga

papaya

nenas

jeruk

jagung

air putih/

air tawar

masak

mentah

goreng

rebus

panggang

bakar

sop/sup

minyak

manis

pahit

kecut/asam

air

teh

kopi

pedas

kue

gula

susu

basi

piring

mangkok

cangkir

gelas

pisau

garpu

sendok

sumpit

saus

kecap

biskuit

haus

lapar

kenyang

mendidih

golok

cuci mulut

boiled rice

husked rice

unhusked rice

meat

beef

chicken

fish

squid

crab

vegetables

potato

carrot

cabbage

cauliflower

nut

peanut

kidney bean

sugar pea

string bean

green pea

cashew nut

mung bean

cucumber

goat

prawn, shrimp

egg

frog

noodle

pig

white onion

brown onion

garlic

ginger

chilly

duck

fruit

mango

paw-paw

pineapple

citrus fruit

corn

drinking water (boiled)

‘’       ‘’      ‘’

to cook

raw

fry

boiled

roast

grilled

soup

oil

sweet

bitter

sour

water

tea

coffee

spicy hot

cake

sugar

milk

off (spoilt)

plate

bowl

cup, mug

glass

knife

fork

spoon

chopsticks

sauce, gravy

sauce (tomato)

biscuit

thirsty

hungry

full, had enough

boil (100 C)

chopper, cleaver

dessert

 CLOTHING (PAKAIAN)

pakai

baju, kemeja

celana

kaus

sapu tangan

sepatu

sandal

kaus kaki

topi

pakaian dalam

jas

kaus wol

rok, gaun

dasi

blus

kebaya

sarung

selendang

pici

 

penghiasan

to wear

shirt

trousers, pants

t-shirt

handkerhief

shoe

thongs

sock

hat

underwear

coat, jacket

jumper, pullover

dress, skirt

tie

blouse

traditional blouse

traditional wraparound

shawl

Muslim headwear (black) for

males

jewellery

 

 

 

 

COLOURS (WARNA-WARNI)

 

merah

merah jambu

ungu

jingga

kuning

hijau

biru

coklat

abu-abu

putih

hitam

tua

muda

red

pink

violet

orange

yellow

green

blue

brown

grey

white

black

dark

light

 PARTS OF THE BODY (BAGIAN BADAN)

kepala

rambut

telinga, kuping

mata

mulut

pipi

bibir

leher

tenggorokan

dada

lengan

tangan

jari

jempol

punggung perut

jantung

hati

paru-paru

darah

gigi

janggut kumis

bulu badan

dagu

lidah

head

hair

ear

eye

mouth

cheek

lips

neck

throat

chest

arm

hand

finger

thumb

back stomach

heart

liver

lungs

blood

tooth

beard moustache

body hair

chin

tongue

 

OCCUPATIONS (PEKERJAAN)

 

Mahasiswa/i

guru

sekretaris

penganggur

insinyur

dagang

pengusaha

buru

jururawat

tukang

pragawati

pramugari

murid

student (university)

teacher

secretary

unemployed person

engineer

trade

businessman

labourer

nurse

tradesman

model

air stewardess

pupil (school)

NOTA : suffix’i’ denotes female.

 TRANSPORTATION (TRANSPORTASI) 

becak

bis

bemo

 

bajaj

 

ojek

opelet

colt

colt travel

 

charter

karcis

kereta api

pesan

tempat duduk

berdiri

berangkat

tiba, sampai

stamplat

stasiun

sepeda

sepeda motor

mogok

dokar

pesawat

kapal laut

perahu

pedal powered 3 wheel

bus

very small mini-bus with

fix­ed route 4 wheels

3-wheeled mini-taxi in

Jakarta

bicycle or motor-bike used as taxi.

large station-wagon with fix­ed route

Mitsubishi mini-bus for inter­city use.

As above, express to the door (esp Central Java),

hire for private use (usually for colt) ticket

train

to book

seat

to stand

to depart

to arrive

terminal

terminal

bicycle

motor bike

broken down

horse-drawn wagon

aeroplane

ship, boat

wind-born boat

 ANIMALS (HEWAN / BINATANG)

anjing

kucing

gajah

lembu

burung

kerbau

elang

cecak

tikus

kecoa

semut

laba-laba

lalat

nyamuk

kuda

harimau

ular

ikan hiu

monyet, kerah

singah

dog

cat

elephant

cow

bird

buffalo

eagle, hawk

ghekko, lizard

mouse, rat

cockroach

ant

spider

fly

mosquito

horse

tiger

snake

shark

monkey

lion

 WEATHER (CUACA)

panas

dingin

sejuk

hangat

hangin

hujan

gerimis

salju

hujan es

banjir

kemarau

lembab

segar

hawa, iklim

hot

cold

cool

warm

wind

rain

sprinkling

snow

hail

flood

drought

humid

fresh

climate

 GEOGRAPHY (ILMU BUMI)

desa, kampung

kota

kota-besar

Ibu-kota

bukit

gunung

kali, sungai

lembah

rawa

danau

benua

pulau

jalan

gang, lorong

village

town

city

Capital city

hill

mountain

river

valley

swamp

lake

continent

island

road

lane, alley

 ART & CULTURE (SENI DAN BUDAYA

lukisan

patung

ukiran

agama

candi, pura

sembahyang

kris

gamelan

gaib

selamatan

ulama

menari

tarian

kraton

kebatinan

priyayi

santri

abangan

 

dalang

wayang

kulit

golek

orang

dukun

jiwa

Tuhan

ilmu

kuno

painting

statue

carving

religion

temple

to pray

dagger

Javanese orchestra

mysterious

religious meal

Islamic leader

to dance (traditional)

traditional dance

palace

mysticism

ruling class

orthodox Muslim

non-orthodox Javanese

Muslim

Javanese puppeteer

shadow play

skin, leather

mask

person

spiritual healer, magician

spirit

God

science

ancient

IN THE HOME (DI RUMAH)

rumah

kamar

kamar tidur

kamar makan

kamar mandi

kamar kecil

kamar tamu

ruang tamu

dapur

meja

kursi

bangku

lantai

tembok, dinding

pintu

cendela

lampu

atap

tangga

house, home

room

bedroom

dining room

bathroom

toilet

guest room

living room

kitchen

table

chair

bench, stool

floor

wall

door

window

light, lamp

roof

stairs

 AT THE TAILORS (DI TUKANG JAHIT)

longgar

sempit

panjang

pendek

kerah

kantong

di dalam

tambah

kurang

terlalu

potong

lipat

jahit

ukuran

menukur

loose, baggy

tight

long

short

collar

pocket

on the inside

more

less

too (much)

to cut

to fold

to sew

measurements

to measure

(see also clothing & parts of the body).

DI BENGKEL (AT THE WORKSHOP) 

mesin

ahli mesin

mobil

sepeda motor

bensin

oli

minyak

busi

platina

kenalpot

karburator

roda

ban

ban dalam

mogok

bocor

batuk

rein

aki, baterai

peta

alat

peti

sok breker

tanki

meteran kecepatan

distroom

diservis

diminyaki

engine

mechanic

car

motor bike

petrol

oil

grease

spark plug

contact points

exhaust pipe

carburetor

wheel

tyre

tube

broken down

leaking

coughs and splutters

brake

battery

map

tool, utensil

box

shock absorber

tank

speedometer

to be charged up (battery)

to be tuned up

to be greased

 ON THE BEACH (DI PANTAI)

pantai

pasir

laut

samudra

berenang

matahari

jemur

ombak

main ski

beach

sand

sea

ocean

to swim

the sun

to lie in the sun

wave

to surf

 

 

 FURTHER READING

The   following   books   are   recommended   further reading on Bali and Java.

General

Blackwood, R.; Beautiful Bali. Hampden Hall Melb. 1970 • Covarrubias, M.; Island of Bali. Cassel, London, 1937 • Fryer, D. & Jackson; Indonesia. Westview, Colorado, 1977 • McPhee, C., A House in Bali. Oxford Uni Press, 1979

History

Day, C.; The Dutch in Java. Oxford in Asia, 1966 • Legge, J.; Indonesia. Spectrum, P. Hall, 1964 • Legge, J.; Sukarno. Allen Lane, London, 1972 • Raffles, S.; The History of Java. London, 1830 • Ricklefs, M.; Jogya Under Sultan Mangkubumi. Oxford Uni, 1974

Society

Dutch Scholars; Life & Ritual in Bali. Van Hoeve • Geertz, C.; Agricultural Involution. Uni of Cal., 1963 • Geertz, C.; Religion of Java. Glencoe Paperb, III, 1963 • Sievers, A.; Mystical World of Indonesia, J. Hopkins, Bait. 1974

Political Economy

Mackie, J.; Chinese of Indonesia. T. Nelson, 1976 • May, B.; Indonesian Tragedy. Routledge & Paul, Lon. 1978 • McVey, R. (Ed); Indonesia. Yale Uni, New Haven, 1963 • Mortimer, R. (Ed); Showcase State. Angus & Rob. Sydney, 1973    • Robison, R.; Indonesia The Rise of Capital. Allen & Unwin, 1986

The Arts

Holt, C.; Art in Indonesia. Cornell UP, 1967 • Soedarsono; Dances in Indonesia. G. Agung, Jak., 1974

  • Zoete, B. & Spies, W.; Dance & Drama in Bali. Oxford UP, 1973

 

 bali-and-java-guides-all-editions

 

About the Book:

First published in 1986, Bali and Java : The Pocket Guide was one of the earliest backpacker guides that covered the Indonesian islands of Bali and Java. The book was the first to contain an in-depth language section, based on situational dialogues; as well as travel info, culture and history. It followed in the footsteps of Southeast Asia on a Shoestring and Indonesia Handbook.

In 1992 the book was revamped and became part of the Maverick Guide Book series, published in Gretna, La, USA.

 

About the Author:
Don Turner’s Indonesia story started during gap-year travels around South-east Asia. He has lived and worked in Indonesia for many years.

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